Beam Ports

Beam port penetrating into the concrete reactor shield.

Four 6-inch beam ports penetrate the shield and provide fluxes of both fast and thermal neutrons for experimental use. The ports are air filled tubes, welded shut at the core ends and provided with water-tight covers on the outer ends. The portions of the ports within the pool are made of aluminum, while the portions within the shield are steel.

A shutter assembly, made of lead encased in aluminum, is opened for irradiations by a lifting device. When closed, the shutter shields against gamma rays from the shut-down core, allowing experiments to be loaded and unloaded without excessive radiation exposure to personnel. Shielding plugs are installed in the outer end of each port. The plugs, made of dense concrete in aluminum casings, have spiral conduits for passage of instrument leads.

Beam Port Schematic.